Egg-Free and Dairy-Free Vanilla Cake

This egg-free and dairy-free vanilla cake is paired with a light and fluffy vanilla frosting and fresh strawberries.

It’s finally time! My egg free and dairy free cakes are ready for you!

After your positive reviews of my gluten-free vanilla cake, I decided it was time to tackle other common food allergies, like eggs and dairy. I just can’t stand the thought of you not eating good cake because of a few ingredients! So 12 rounds of cake making later, I think I’ve come up with some pretty fabulous egg-free and dairy-free vanilla and chocolate cakes. Yes, that’s right. Not one, but two egg-free and dairy-free cakes!

This was a major labor of love, but I can’t even begin to tell you how excited I am with how both cakes turned out. While each failed attempt was discouraging, I actually really enjoyed teaching myself the science behind creating a recipe without the typical dairy and eggs I’m used to. Plus, finally coming up with two recipes I love, was worth every failed attempt.

Research

Before I got in the kitchen, I tried to do as much research as possible on what the best egg and dairy substitutes are. I read loads of articles, blogs, and recipes, trying to figure out what worked and didn’t work for other bakers. But there was really no way of knowing what I like best if I didn’t try it all for myself. So, I narrowed down the substitutes to just a handful – one that were rated highly by others, but also ones that I thought would be easiest for you to find in your home or at any ordinary grocery store.

Here were the key players in the game and a quick personal review of each, followed by more detail of how each substitute worked in my cake.

(I was originally going to make the cakes gluten-free too but decided it was a little too much to tackle all at once. I do love this brand of gluten-free flour, Cup4Cup, and use it in all my GF baking BUT just a heads up – it’s not dairy-free. Bob’s Red Mill Gluten Free 1 to 1 Baking Flour would be a good dairy-free and gluton-free option.)

Egg Substitutes
  • Bob’s Red Mill Egg Replacement: rated highly by others but I didn’t think it did a good job binding the ingredients together. My cake with this egg replacement crumbled easily.
  • Flaxseed Egg: (1 tablespoon golden flaxseed with 3 tablespoons water). Another egg replacement liked by many, including me. I think it did a good job binding the ingredients but I found out it’s not necessary in a cake. I think it will be useful to use in cookies and brownies though. Keep this one in mind for other egg-free baked goods for sure!
  • Chickpea Water: Yup, as gross as it sounds, some people like it for an egg replacement, but I could totally taste the flavor in my cake and in a meringue frosting I made with it. I don’t recommend it.
  • Vinegar: My winner! Forget the egg substitutes and just throw in a tablespoon of white distilled vinegar with a couple teaspoons of baking soda and you’ll get a cake that rises beautifully.
Dairy Substitutes
  • Earth Balance Butter: too much of this butter in a frosting was overly sweet, but just a little and it provided a great texture and flavor. This butter replacement works well in cookies too.
  • Hi-Ratio Shortening: for frostings, I prefer hi-ratio shortening because it contains emulsifiers which make the shortening smoother and creamier. This shortening is also more stable than regular shortening. In the frosting, I noticed shortening by itself was a little bland, but when combined with a little Earth Balance Butter, the flavors balanced each other well.
  • Almond Milk: I always have almond milk on-hand, so this is one of the easiest substitutions for me to make.
  • Canned Coconut Milk: I was worried about having a coconut flavor in my frosting or batter, but with the cocoa powder (for my chocolate cake), you don’t even notice it. The canned coconut milk (mixed well) is a great replacement for buttermilk, and also makes for a silky and rich chocolate buttercream (which I decided not to post, because it wasn’t stable enough for a layered cake, but man did it taste good!).

The Base of the Cake

For the base of my vanilla cake, I decided to use my classic yellow cake as a starting point. It’s not only one of my favorite cakes, but I think you’ll also be able to alter it a few ways to get some different flavors (i.e. sub ¼ cup sugar for ¼ cup strawberry Jell-O or add some cinnamon and a layer of brown sugar and cinnamon mixed together to recreate my Churro Cake).

My original recipe calls for butter, eggs and sour cream. When converting a cake to egg and/or dairy free, and losing those ingredients, some of the biggest hurdles to cross are making sure your cake rises and that it gets enough moisture – which will give it right flavor and texture – the most important elements of any cake, in my opinion. If I couldn’t achieve a flavor and texture that met my expectations for cake, it wouldn’t be worth sharing with you.

Rounds 1 – 5

Bob’s Red Mill Egg Replacement: Let’s start with the egg substitutes, since figuring this out was my biggest challenge. I had read great things about the Bob’s Red Mill Egg Replacement and decided to give that a try first. For round one of the vanilla cake, I used Earth Balance Vegan Butter to replace my regular butter, as well as the Bob’s Red Mill Egg Substitute and some dairy-free yogurt to replace the sour cream. The result of this attempt was a cake that didn’t rise and was too dense. It was also very fragile. I’m not sure the Bob’s Red Mill Egg Replacement did a good job at binding the ingredients.

Flaxseed Egg: I then went on to try the flaxseed egg (1 tablespoon flaxseed mixed with 3 tablespoons water) instead of the Bob’s Red Mill Egg Replacement. I also switched the non-dairy yogurt for almond milk. This second round produced a cake with flex of flaxseed, which I didn’t love to see in the cake, but also didn’t mind since the cake stuck together better. However, this cake sunk a little in the middle so it wasn’t a winner either.

Chickpea Water: For my third and fourth rounds, I stuck with the flaxseed egg and almond milk, but changed up my ratio of baking soda and baking powder. Neither round met my expectations. For my fifth round, I tried chickpea water as a substitute for the egg, but could totally taste the flavor of the chickpeas and threw it away without a second thought.

Rounds 6 – 8

Vinegar: Heading into my sixth round, I decided to add some vinegar mixed with baking soda to the recipe – similar to what you do with a red velvet cake. I mixed all the ingredients and then added the vinegar and baking soda mixture at the end. The batter tasted great, but the cake sank again! Ugh! I was so confused. I went back to my research and reread everything about vinegar. Several sources claimed it was a great way to get your cake to rise… and then it hit me… I needed to do it without the egg replacement.

So, for round seven, I still had the vegan butter, almond milk and then a full tablespoon of vinegar with a couple teaspoons of baking soda. I was eager to see how this one would turn out. I was certain it would be perfect. Nope. Sank again. I nearly gave up, especially when my little Avery told me I should. (Haha!) But there was no way I was going to quit at that point. I gave myself a break and tried to think through it all. What was I missing in this equation? And then it finally dawned on me. I had yet to try a version without the butter. What if the butter was weighing the cake down? It had plenty of moisture from the almond milk and oil, so what purpose was the butter serving?

In round eight, I made the recipe without the butter, increased the almond milk and oil a little, removed the baking powder and only used baking soda and threw in the vinegar again. The result? A tender and perfectly risen vanilla cake. Victory!

Frosting

As for the frosting, I ended up with a blend of vegan butter and hi-ratio shortening. The texture glides onto the cake beautifully and the taste is sweet, but light and fluffy, so it doesn’t overpower the cake.

I’ll be posting my egg-free and dairy-free chocolate cake with chocolate frosting later this week. Both cakes and frostings work great together, so feel free to mix it up when you start baking.

Enjoy!

 

Egg Free and Dairy Free Vanilla Cake

5 from 6 votes
A tender egg-free and dairy-free vanilla cake with a light and fluffy vanilla frosting and fresh strawberries.

Ingredients
 

FOR THE CAKE

  • 3 1/2 cups (402.5 g) cake flour
  • 2 cups (400 g) granulated sugar
  • 2 teaspoons (8 g) baking soda
  • 1 teaspoon (5.6 g) salt
  • 2 cups (480 g) almond milk or other non-dairy milk at room temperature
  • 4 teaspoons (20.8 g) pure vanilla extract
  • 2/3 cup (145.3 g) canola oil
  • 2 tablespoons (28.75 g) white distilled vinegar

FOR THE FROSTING

  • 1 cup (226 g) Earth Balance Vegan Butter slightly chilled
  • 1 cup (190 g) Hi-Ratio Shortening or Vegetable Shortening*
  • 5 1/2 cups (687.5 g) powdered sugar measured and then sifted
  • 1 teaspoon (4.2 g) vanilla extract
  • Pinch of salt
  • Garnish
  • Sliced fresh strawberries
  • *This buttercream recipe makes enough to fill and cover your cake. If you want to add additional piping, you’ll want to make an extra 1/2 batch.

Instructions
 

FOR THE CAKE

  • Preheat your oven to 350 degrees F. Spray three 8-inch or four 6-inch pans with non-stick spray, line the bottoms of each pan with parchment rounds, and spray again. Set aside.
  • In a large liquid measuring bowl, combine the almond milk, vanilla, oil and vinegar. Set aside.
  • In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, combine the cake flour, sugar, baking soda, and salt. Stir to combine.
  • With the mixer on low speed, add the wet ingredients to the dry ingredients. Stir just until incorporated. Scrape down the sides and bottom of the bowl and mix again on low for another 10 to 20 seconds. 
  • Divide the batter evenly between the three pans (about 16 ounces of batter in each pan). Bake for 22 to 25 minutes, or until a toothpick inserted in the center of the cake comes out with just a few moist crumbs on it. 
  • Let cool 10 minutes in the pans before inverting onto wire racks to cool completely. 
  • If needed, level each cake layer with a cake leveler. To store the cake layers, wrap each cake layer in plastic wrap after it's completely cooled. The cake layers can be stored in the freezer for up to a week with two layers of plastic wrap. To store longer, wrap the layers in an additional layer of foil and place in a zip-lock bag. 

FOR THE FROSTING

  • In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, combine the vegan butter and shortening. Beat on medium speed until light and fluffy, about 2 minutes.
  • With the mixer on low speed, gradually add the sifted powdered sugar and then vanilla. Once the sugar and vanilla are incorporated, turn the mixer to medium-high and beat for an additional 3 to 5 minutes.
  • To get rid of any air pockets, use a wooden spoon or spatula to stir the frosting by hand for a couple minutes. 

ASSEMBLY

  • Place the first cake layer bottom-side down, in the center of the cake board. Using an offset palette knife, spread about 3/4 cup frosting evenly across the cake layer. Layer with strawberries, if using.
  • Place the second cake layer on top of the frosting. Frost the top of the second cake and add strawberries, if using.
  • Place the third cake layer, top side down, on top of the frosting. 
  • Crumb coat the entire cake with a thin layer of frosting and freeze for about 10 to 15 minutes to set.
  • Once the crumb coat is set, continue to frost the cake with the remaining frosting.

Notes

*Hi-ratio shortening contains more emulsifiers than regular shortening, giving it a smoother and creamier texture than regular shortening. Hi-ratio shortening is also more stable than regular shortening.

Courtney Rich

I’m a self-taught baker, obsessed with cake.

I long ago ditched box mixes in pursuit of melt-in-your-mouth, to-die-for flavor combinations, fillings and textures. I believe cake must be decadent, life-changing and worthy of celebration! And I believe anyone should be able to bake that kind of cake – and I’m here to teach you just that!

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Comments

  1. 5 stars
    Thank you for such a delicious, perfectly moist, wonderfully textured egg-free vanilla cake! I’ve tried a dozen other recipes and something was always off – either the taste or texture. This is definitely a keeper & so easy to make.

  2. Hi there! I just have to say that this recipe is the best! We are vegan and my kind neighbor discovered your recipe and made cupcakes for me for my daughter’s birthday. Huge hit! I would like to try making a cake myself now but I don’t have cake flour. Would any other flour work, like all purpose or bread flour? Again, thanks so much for figuring out how to make this awesome cake recipe!

    1. You can make cake flour by taking one cup of flour and take out two tablespoons of flour. Add two tablespoons of corn starch. That makes one cup of cake flour at home.

  3. This recipe is wonderful! Our little 4-year-old grandson was SO excited to help me make it! He is allergic to milk and eggs ~ and usually has to bypass anyone’s birthday goodies or other holiday treats. And ~ it is delicious! Love the creamy icing, too. ❤️

  4. I am SO happy you’ve come up with these recipes!! I love baking and have always wanted to get better at cake decorating, but my son is allergic to milk, eggs, and all nuts. I hate making so many desserts and have the rest of the family chow down while my son sadly watches 🙁 You are an angel for doing this! I’ve looked around for hi-ratio shortening and I’m not finding it in my go-to stores. Does the label say “hi-ratio” or are there ingredients I need to be looking for on the label? What brand did you end up using?

  5. Was so excited to try this, but it sunk pretty dramatically at the center. Tried it twice in a row, using brand new baking soda, and being extra sure not to over mix the second time. Will try to reduce sugar in the next round.

  6. I’m so grateful for this recipe! Do you think I would have good results if I also made it gluten free by using a dairy free, gluten free flour?

  7. Do you think it possible to also make this cake gluten free by substituting the flour for a gluten free blend? I’ve got to make a dairy free, egg free, gluten free cake….🤣

  8. Thanks for sharing your amazing recipes!! Do you think I can take the stretch and make this gluten free with cup for cup as a substitute?

  9. Do you feel that it would be ok to make the jump, as mentioned, and use gluten free flour? I’m on the hunt for a vegan, gluten-free wedding cake recipe for a client. 😆

  10. 5 stars
    This recipe was delicious! The cake has a nice, soft texture, with a delicious flavor. The frosting was awesome! I used Earth Balance vegan butter which was salted so I omitted additional salt. The salted butter gave the frosting a super yummy flavor with good balance of sweet & salt. Thanks for another great recipe to help expand my cake options!

  11. Can regular whole milk be subbed for the almond milk if you’re just looking for an eggless cake?

  12. 5 stars
    Made this for my daughter’s first birthday and it was AMAZING! Could not tell it was egg and dairy free and it was absolutely delicious.

  13. Hi there,

    If I’m only looking for a dairy free cake to make, how many eggs would I use? Or would it make any difference to use eggs over the vinegar? Thank you!

    1. It’s better to use one of my other cakes with those dairy free options then trying to add eggs here!

  14. How would I make this a Strawberry cake? Would just switching 1/4 cup of sugar for 1/4 cup strawberry jello work like your other cake or will that not work with this vegan one?

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